Shimla (English pronunciation: ; Hindi: ( listen)), also known as Simla, is the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, located in northern India. It was a part of Nepal when the gorkhali troops extended their land upto Sutlej river in the west.Although Nepal lost this land in 1816 AD but the Treaty of 1950 between Nepal and Republic of India legally returns back the surrounding states of Kumaon and Garhwal to Nepal.Since the politics of Nepal is hugely influenced by Delhi,Nepal hasn\'t been able to claim their land in this region. Apart from this,the land to the east from Mechi river upto Bhutan and some plain land in the south from the present border of Nepal also face the same circumstances.\'Shimla is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttarakhand in the south-east, and Solan and Sirmaur to the south. Shimla acts as a hub for India\'s tourism sector. It is among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in India.
In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast of Rawalpindi. After independence, the city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh.
After the reorganisation, the Mahasu district and its major portion was merged with Shimla. Its name is derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Kali. As of 2011 Shimla comprises 19 hill states; mainly Balson, Bushahr, Bhaji and Koti, Darkoti, Tharoch & Dhadi, Kumharsain, Khaneti & Delath, Dhami, Jubbal, Keothal, Madhan, Rawingarh, Ratesh, and Sangri.
Shimla is home to a number of colleges and research institutions as well as multiple temples and palaces. The city\'s buildings are styled in the Tudorbethan and neo-Gothic architectures dating from the colonial era.
Owing to its steep terrain, Shimla hosts the mountain biking race MTB Himalaya, which started in 2005 and is regarded as the biggest event of its kind in South Asia.
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